The Influence of Illegal Gold Mining (IGM) on Environmental, Economic, and Educational Sectors of Muara Mensao Village, Jambi

Susanti, Try and Hidayat, Hidayat and Sartika, Dewi and Utami, Wiji and Vikstres, Rise Hidayati and Novallyan, Devie (2019) The Influence of Illegal Gold Mining (IGM) on Environmental, Economic, and Educational Sectors of Muara Mensao Village, Jambi. In: International Conference on Basic Sciences and Its Applications, 16 April 2019, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Andalas University..

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Abstract

The influence of Illegal Gold Mining (IGM) on environmental, economic, and education sectors of Muara Mensao Village has been investigated using quantitative and qualitative methods. Muara Mensao Village is a place to collect the first-hand information about IGM. This research examined about the impact and relation of IGM with environmental, economic, and education sectors. The technique of respondents selection was purposive technique. Furthemore, questionnaire, observation, and literature study were used to collect the data. The combination of qualitative and quantitative methods were used for data analysis. The result of this study exhibited that the activity of IGM gave negative impacts on environmental sector such as appearance of digging hole, disappearance of Semah fish (Tor spp.) population, decrease of forest vegetation, silting of river, and turbid river water. The activity of IGM had economic contribution, which net income for gold miners about 1.500.000-2.500.000 IDR, while for dhompheng machine owners about 5.000.000 IDR. The high income could impact educational sector. The education of young generation in that area showed a good result where among 73 respondents, 30% are bachelore and master, 11% are Diploma, 23% are graduate senior, 15% are graduate junior, and 21% are graduate elementary. The activity of IGM gave positive influnces on economic and educational sectors, but it harmed enviromental sector. Consequently, we need serious coorporation among society, government, non government organization, and scientific society to prevent the destruction of natural resources in the future.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keywords / Katakunci: Amalgamation, Artisanal, Dhompheng machine, Illegal Gold Minning (IGM)
Subjects: 2x6 Sosial dan Budaya
Divisions: Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan
Depositing User: Murjoko S.Kom
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2021 04:27
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2021 01:47
URI: http://repository.uinjambi.ac.id/id/eprint/6984

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